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THIRD AVENUE

Nos. 214 to 218

Three of the blockfronts on the west side of Third Avenue between 18th Street and 22nd Street retain buildings that are a part of the original development of the Gramercy Park area. While the Gramercy Park frontages and the side streets in the area were initially built up primarily with single-family rowhouses, Third Avenue became the neighborhood's major commercial street. This avenue was developed almost entirely with three- and four-story brick buildings, each of which had a store on the ground floor and one of more living units above. In some cases the building was owned by the shopkeeper (as is still the case with several of the buildings today), with his or her family living above. Examples include nos. 254 and 256 (c. 1846), originally owned and occupied by confectioner Frederick Thomas and butcher Joseph P. Flynn, respectively. In other instances, the buildings were owned by investors and leased to commercial and residential tenants.

Nos. 244 to 258

The 17 extant early buildings date from the 1830s through the 1840s. The trio of three-story structures at Nos. 214-218 Third Avenue between East 18th and 19th streets survive from an initial row of five erected in 1838, The blockfront between East 20th and 21st streets includes Nos. 244 and 246, built c. 1837 (No. 244 served as the Homeopathic Medical College for many years); No. 248 from 1840-41; the well-preserved four-story structures at Nos. 254 and 256 from c. 1846; and the two-story building at No. 258 that may date from as early as 1832, making it the oldest building in the area and the earliest surviving building erected by Gramercy ParkÕs developer Samuel B. Ruggles. Between East 21st and 22nd streets are eight early buildings: three exceptionally narrow structures at Nos. 266-270, dating from 1847, and five buildings, at Nos. 272-280, erected in 1844-45. All are brick and display simple Greek Revival and Italianate features. These buildings are rare survivors on an avenue that has undergone major redevelopment since the 1950s.

Nos. 266 to 280
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GRAMERCY PARK EAST:

37
38


GRAMERCY PARK NORTH:

40
44
45
60


LEXINGTON AVENUE:

1
Gramercy Park Hotel
Park Gramercy


PARK AVENUE SOUTH:

Church Missions House
New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children


EAST 22ND STREET:

United Charities Building
Manhattan Trade School for Girls
Gramercy Arms
Sage House
Family Court Building
Children's Court
145
Gustavus Adolphus Swedish Lutheran Church
Parish House
Lexington
Miss E.L. Breese Carriage House
Gramercy Court
158


THIRD AVENUE


EAST 19TH STREET:

105
109
111 & 113
115 & 117
IRT Company Substation
112-114
116
118
120
122


IRVING PLACE:

65 & 71
67-69
81


NYSCA To EXIT and return to Preserve & Protect

last revised 31 August 1998

nL
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